Safest Countries to Travel for Citizens of Peru

1. What is the current safety rating for Peru according to international travel advisories?

The current safety rating for Peru varies according to different international travel advisories.

According to the United States Department of State’s Travel Advisory, Peru is currently rated Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution due to crime and the threat of terrorism. The United Kingdom’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office has also issued a similar advisory, warning travelers about crime and also mentioning political protests as a potential safety concern. Canada’s travel advisory for Peru is currently at Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.

The Australian Government’s Smartraveller website rates Peru at Level 4: Do Not Travel in areas including the Colombian border due to drug trafficking and armed criminal organizations. Other areas of Peru are rated at Level 3: Reconsider Your Need To Travel due to high levels of crime and civil unrest.

It is important for travelers to note that safety ratings can change frequently depending on various factors, so it is recommended to regularly check with your country’s government advisories before traveling to Peru.

2. Are there any specific safety concerns for citizens of Peru when traveling abroad?

Yes, there are some specific safety concerns for citizens of Peru when traveling abroad. These include:

1. Crime: Peru has a high crime rate, especially in urban areas. Travelers should be cautious of pickpocketing, theft, and scams.

2. Political instability: There have been some instances of political unrest and demonstrations in Peru, which can sometimes turn violent. Travelers should stay informed about the current situation and avoid any protest or large gatherings.

3. Natural disasters: Peru is prone to earthquakes, landslides, and flooding. Travelers should familiarize themselves with emergency procedures and monitor news updates for any potential natural disasters.

4. Altitude sickness: Parts of Peru are located at high altitudes, which can cause altitude sickness in some individuals. It is important to acclimatize properly and seek medical help if experiencing severe symptoms.

5. Road safety: Roads in Peru can be dangerous due to poor infrastructure and reckless driving. If renting a car or using public transportation, travelers should exercise caution and follow all safety measures.

6. Terrorism: There is a potential risk of terrorism in Peru, particularly in remote areas near the Colombia border. Travelers should avoid these areas and check government travel advisories before visiting them.

7. Health risks: Travelers should take precautions against mosquito-borne illnesses such as dengue fever and Zika virus while in Peru. It is also recommended to get all necessary vaccinations before traveling.

Overall, travelers are advised to use common sense, remain vigilant, and take necessary precautions to ensure their safety while traveling abroad from Peru.

3. How do crime rates in Peru compare to other popular tourist destinations?

Crime rates in Peru are generally higher than in other popular tourist destinations, with a higher homicide rate and overall crime rate than countries such as Mexico, Costa Rica, and Chile. In 2019, the murder rate in Peru was 6.2 per 100,000 inhabitants, compared to Mexico’s rate of 24 per 100,000 inhabitants and Costa Rica’s rate of 11 per 100,000 inhabitants. Additionally, there have been reports of petty crime such as theft and pickpocketing in popular tourist areas such as Lima and Cusco. However, it is important to note that crime rates can vary widely within a country and tourists are advised to research the specific safety conditions of their intended destination within Peru before traveling.

4. Are there any known natural disasters or extreme weather events that could affect travelers in Peru?

There are several natural disasters and extreme weather events that could potentially affect travelers in Peru. These include:

– Earthquakes: Peru is located in an area of high seismic activity and experiences frequent earthquakes, some of which can be quite severe.

– Floods and landslides: Heavy rains during the wet season (December to March) can cause floods and landslides in certain areas of the country, particularly in the Andes Mountains.

– Volcanic eruptions: Peru has several active volcanoes, which could potentially erupt at any time.

– Tropical storms and hurricanes: The northern coast of Peru is susceptible to tropical storms and hurricanes during the rainy season (December to April).

– Droughts: Some regions of Peru may experience droughts during dry season (May to September), particularly in the highlands.

It is important for travelers to stay informed about potential natural disasters and follow all safety precautions recommended by local authorities while traveling in Peru.

5. Is terrorism a major concern for tourists visiting Peru?

Yes, terrorism is a major concern for tourists visiting Peru. While the threat of terrorism has significantly decreased in recent years, there are still sporadic incidents that occur, particularly in remote and rural areas. The Peruvian government has implemented security measures to protect tourists and reduce the risk of terrorist attacks, but visitors should still exercise caution and stay informed about potential threats during their travels. It is recommended to research the current situation and any safety advisories before planning a trip to Peru.

6. Are there any regions or neighborhoods within Peru that should be avoided by tourists due to safety concerns?

Yes, there are a few regions and neighborhoods in Peru that should be avoided by tourists due to safety concerns. These include:

1) Parts of Lima – The capital city of Lima has areas that are known for high crime rates, such as Callao, San Juan de Lurigancho, and Villa El Salvador. It is recommended to avoid these areas, especially at night.

2) The Colombian border – The border with Colombia is known for drug trafficking and other criminal activities. It is advised to avoid this area, particularly the towns of Putumayo and Tingo Maria.

3) The Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro River Valleys (VRAEM) – This region has a strong presence of drug production and trafficking organizations, making it a dangerous area for tourists.

4) Cusco – While the overall risk level in Cusco is low, there have been occasional reports of pickpocketing and scams targeting tourists around popular attractions like Machu Picchu and Plaza de Armas. It is important to be cautious in crowded places and keep valuables secure.

5) Puno – Similar to Cusco, Puno experiences occasional incidents of pickpocketing targeting tourists. It is advisable to stay alert when visiting popular tourist sites.

6) Certain hiking trails – Some remote hiking trails in Peru have been known to have safety concerns due to potential clashes between illegal coca growers and government forces. It is recommended to research before embarking on remote hikes or trekking routes.

It’s always best to exercise caution when traveling to any unfamiliar place and avoid dangerous situations. Staying informed about current events and following local advice can also help ensure a safe trip.

7. How prevalent is street crime and pickpocketing in popular tourist areas of Peru?

Street crime and pickpocketing can occur in popular tourist areas of Peru, especially in cities such as Lima and Cusco. The rate of these types of crimes varies depending on the specific location and time of day, but tourists should take precautions to avoid becoming victims. It is important to be aware of your surroundings and keep valuables secure when walking in busy tourist areas. Travelers should also be cautious when visiting markets or using public transportation, as these can be common places for theft. Overall, while street crime and pickpocketing do occur in Peru, taking appropriate safety measures can greatly reduce the risk of becoming a victim.

8. Are tourists targeted for scams or frauds in certain parts of Peru?

Tourists can sometimes be targeted for scams or frauds in certain parts of Peru, though this is not a widespread issue. Some common scams and frauds that tourists may encounter in Peru include:

1. Taxi scams: In popular tourist areas, taxi drivers may try to overcharge tourists by taking longer routes or claiming a fixed price that is much higher than the actual fare. To avoid falling victim to this scam, always use official taxis with meters, or negotiate the price before getting into the taxi.

2. Counterfeit money: Tourists should be aware of counterfeit currency in circulation in Peru. Always inspect your bills before accepting them and try to pay with small denominations to avoid receiving fake change.

3. Fake tour operators: Some people may pose as tour operators and offer cheap packages or services, only to disappear after receiving payment. Always book tours and services through reputable companies or hotels to avoid being scammed.

4. Pickpocketing and theft: Pickpocketing is common in crowded tourist areas, so it’s important to stay vigilant and keep your belongings secure at all times. Avoid carrying large amounts of cash or valuables with you and use a money belt if necessary.

5. Fake police officers: Tourists have reported instances of people posing as police officers stopping them on the street and asking for identification and money. If this happens, ask for identification from the officer and do not give them any money directly – offer to go to the police station instead.

To minimize your risk of encountering scams or frauds while traveling in Peru, it’s important to do your research beforehand, use common sense, and stay aware of your surroundings at all times. It’s also advisable to travel with a companion whenever possible and stay alert for any suspicious behavior or activities.

9. Is public transportation safe and reliable for travelers in Peru?

The safety and reliability of public transportation in Peru varies depending on the region and type of transportation. In general, long-distance buses are considered safer and more reliable than local buses or taxis.

Peru’s main bus companies, such as Cruz del Sur, Oltursa, and Movil Tours, have a good safety record and often have modern buses with comfortable amenities. However, it is always important to carefully research bus companies before purchasing tickets.

Local buses in larger cities can be more crowded and may not adhere to strict safety regulations. It is also common for pickpocketing to occur on local buses in busy areas. It’s best to keep valuables close and avoid using public transportation during rush hour if possible.

Taxis are abundant in Peru but may vary in terms of safety and reliability. Official taxis should have a yellow sticker with their identification number displayed on the side of the vehicle. It is generally recommended to use registered taxi companies rather than hailing a random cab from the street.

In conclusion, while public transportation can be a convenient way to travel in Peru, it is important to exercise caution and do research beforehand. Taking precautions and choosing reputable transportation options can help ensure a safe and reliable experience.

10. What emergency resources are available for tourists in case of an accident or health issue while traveling in Peru?

1. Emergency Phone Numbers:
In case of an emergency, always call 911 in Peru. The country’s emergency services operate through one central number, so you can use this for any kind of emergency, including ambulance, fire service and police.

2. Medical Facilities:
Peru has several good hospitals and healthcare facilities that offer quality medical treatment to both locals and tourists. Some of the reputable hospitals in Lima include Miami Anex Extranjera Clinic, Centro Medico Naval, and British Hospital.

3. Tourist Police:
Tourist police stations are located throughout Peru’s major cities and tourist destinations. They are specially trained to assist foreign tourists and speak multiple languages. You can identify them by their yellow armbands or by looking for a “Policía de Turismo” sign.

4. Travel Insurance:
It is highly recommended to purchase travel insurance before your trip to Peru. This will cover any unexpected medical expenses as well as emergency medical evacuation if needed.

5. Tourist Assistance Centers:
The Ministry of Tourism operates tourist assistance centers in popular tourist destinations such as Lima, Cusco, Arequipa, and Iquitos. These centers provide information about local attractions as well as assistance in case of emergencies.

6. Embassy Contacts:
If you encounter any issues while traveling in Peru such as loss or theft of passport or documents, contact your embassy or consulate for assistance.

7. Local Clinics:
There are also many private clinics available throughout the country that cater specifically to tourists. These clinics may be more expensive than public hospitals but generally offer better facilities for English-speaking patients.

8. Air Ambulance Services:
In case of a serious medical emergency in remote areas of Peru, air ambulance services like AMERIDOC can provide quick evacuation to a major city with better medical facilities.

9. Red Cross Peru:
The Peruvian Red Cross provides first aid services and emergency response across the country. Call them on 51-1-7088080 for any emergency assistance.

10. Tour Operators:
In case of emergency while on a guided tour, the tour company will most likely have designated procedures in place to handle the situation and assist you with proper medical care and evacuation if needed. Always ensure that your chosen tour operator is reputable and has adequate emergency protocols in place.

11. Have there been any recent political tensions or civil unrest that could potentially impact the safety of travelers in Peru?

Yes, there have been political tensions and civil unrest in Peru in recent years. In November 2021, protesters took to the streets to demand an overhaul of the country’s political system, resulting in clashes with police and roadblocks in cities such as Lima and Cusco. In October 2020, widespread protests broke out following the impeachment of former President Martín Vizcarra. While these events mainly affected major cities, they could potentially lead to disruptions or safety concerns for travelers. It is always advisable to stay informed about current events and avoid areas experiencing protests or demonstrations.

12. Does the government of Peru provide support and assistance for its citizens traveling abroad?

Yes, the government of Peru provides support and assistance for its citizens traveling abroad through various agencies and consulates. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs operates consulates and embassies around the world to help Peruvian citizens with a broad range of services, including providing information on travel advisories and visa requirements, issuing emergency travel documents, and offering legal assistance in case of emergencies or accidents abroad. Additionally, Peru has a network of Honorary Consuls in countries where there is no diplomatic or consular representation to provide similar support to its citizens.

13. Are LGBTQ+ travelers generally safe and accepted in Peru, or are there potential risks to consider?

Peru is overall a safe and accepting country for LGBTQ+ travelers, but there are potential risks to consider. Same-sex marriage is not legal in Peru and LGBTQ+ individuals may face discrimination and harassment, particularly in more rural areas. However, major cities like Lima and Cusco have more progressive attitudes towards LGBTQ+ individuals and there are LGBTQ+-friendly spaces, events, and organizations throughout the country.

It’s important for LGBTQ+ travelers to exercise caution when displaying affection in public and to be mindful of local customs. It’s also recommended to do research on specific destinations within Peru and their attitudes towards the LGBTQ+ community before traveling there.

Additionally, transgender individuals should be aware that Peru has a requirement for gender confirmation surgery before changing gender markers on identity documents.

Overall, with some precautions and research, LGBTQ+ travelers can have a safe and enjoyable experience in Peru.

14. Are vaccinations recommended or required for visitors to enter Peru?

Yes, certain vaccinations may be recommended or required for visitors to enter Peru. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all travelers be up to date on routine vaccinations, such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, varicella (chickenpox), polio, and influenza. Additionally, the CDC recommends that most travelers receive vaccinations for hepatitis A and typhoid.

Other vaccines that may be recommended based on individual factors and specific travel plans include hepatitis B, yellow fever, rabies, and meningococcal disease. Some of these vaccines may also be required for entry into Peru, depending on your country of origin and length of stay.

It is important to consult with a healthcare provider or visit a travel clinic at least 4-6 weeks before your trip to ensure you are up-to-date on all necessary vaccines and medications for your trip to Peru.

15. How do laws and regulations regarding drugs and alcohol differ from those of the visitor’s home country while in Peru?

Laws and regulations regarding drugs and alcohol in Peru may differ from those of the visitor’s home country in several ways:

1. Legal drinking age: In Peru, the legal drinking age is 18 years old, while it may be different in the visitor’s home country. It is important for visitors to be aware of the legal age before consuming alcohol.

2. Consumption and possession of drugs: The use and possession of illegal drugs is strictly prohibited in Peru and can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment for up to 8 years. This may differ from the laws of the visitor’s home country, where certain drugs may be decriminalized or even legal.

3. Public consumption: Public consumption of alcohol is generally allowed in Peru, but this may vary depending on local laws and cultural norms. Visitors should be aware of any restrictions on public drinking before consuming alcohol in public places.

4. Driving under the influence: It is illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs in Peru, with strict penalties for violators. This applies to both locals and visitors, regardless of their home country’s laws on driving under the influence.

5. Prescription medication: Visitors should bring only enough prescription medication for their personal use during their stay in Peru. Some over-the-counter medications available in other countries may be considered illegal drugs in Peru, so it is important to check with authorities before bringing them into the country.

6. Religious ceremonies: The consumption of certain psychoactive plants is legal for traditional religious purposes only, such as ayahuasca ceremonies conducted by indigenous communities. However, it is still important for visitors to obtain proper permission and guidance from trained practitioners before participating in such ceremonies.

Overall, visitors should familiarize themselves with Peruvian laws and regulations regarding drugs and alcohol to avoid any potential legal issues during their stay.

16. Is it common for visitors to encounter discrimination based on race, religion, or nationality while in Peru?

Unfortunately, yes. While Peru is generally welcoming and friendly to visitors of all races, religions, and nationalities, discrimination can still occur. Some possible instances of discrimination that tourists may encounter include:

– Verbal harassment or insults: In some cases, tourists may be targeted with verbal abuse based on their race, religion, or nationality. This could happen in public spaces such as markets, restaurants, or on the street.
– Unequal treatment: Tourists may also face unfair treatment from service providers or in tourist attractions based on their perceived race, religion, or nationality.
– Stereotyping: Some Peruvians may have preconceived notions about certain races, religions, or nationalities and treat individuals accordingly.
– Xenophobia: Visitors from certain countries may face heightened discrimination due to negative stereotypes or past conflicts between Peru and their home country.
– Discrimination against indigenous groups: Indigenous groups in Peru often face discrimination and marginalization in society. As a visitor to Peru, you may witness attitudes or actions that reflect this discrimination.

It’s important for visitors to remain aware of these potential issues and try to avoid any confrontations if they do arise. It’s also helpful to educate yourself about Peruvian culture and customs in order to better understand the perspectives of the local people. Most importantly, remember to treat everyone with respect and kindness regardless of their race, religion, or nationality.

17. Are there certain cultural norms or customs that visitors should be aware of to ensure their safety while traveling through Peru?

Yes, there are a few cultural norms and customs that visitors should be aware of to ensure their safety while traveling through Peru:

1. Avoid displaying valuable items in public: This can make you an easy target for theft or pickpocketing. Keep jewelry, electronics, and large amounts of cash hidden and secure.

2. Dress conservatively in certain areas: In more conservative areas, such as rural villages or religious sites, it is respectful to dress modestly and cover your shoulders and knees.

3. Be cautious when taking photos: Always ask for permission before taking someone’s photo, especially if they are dressed in traditional clothing or at a religious site.

4. Respect local customs and traditions: Be mindful of local beliefs and customs, especially when visiting indigenous communities or sacred sites. Ask for guidance on appropriate behavior from a trusted local source.

5. Use taxis from reputable companies: When using taxis, always choose those from well-known companies or have been recommended by your hotel. Avoid getting into unmarked or unofficial taxis.

6. Be careful when using ATMs: Only use ATMs during daylight hours and avoid isolated ATMs on the street. If possible, use ATMs inside banks or within hotels to minimize the risk of theft.

7. Avoid walking alone at night: It is generally not recommended to walk alone at night in unfamiliar areas, especially for women.

8. Learn basic Spanish phrases: Knowing some basic Spanish phrases can help you communicate with locals and navigate through situations where English may not be spoken.

9.Create a plan for emergencies: Know the emergency phone numbers in Peru and have a plan in place for any unexpected situations that may arise during your trip.

10.Be cautious of food and drink: Avoid consuming tap water and only eat fruits and vegetables that have been thoroughly washed with clean water. Also be mindful of street food stalls with questionable hygiene practices.

18. What precautions should solo female travelers take when visiting Peru, if any?

1. Research the culture and customs: Peru has a diverse culture, and it’s important to understand local customs and dress codes before visiting. This can help avoid any potential misunderstandings or uncomfortable situations.

2. Dress modestly: As with many South American countries, it is important for solo female travelers to dress modestly in Peru. This means avoiding revealing clothing and covering shoulders and knees when entering religious sites or rural areas.

3. Avoid walking alone at night: It is generally recommended to avoid walking alone at night in Peru, particularly in urban areas such as Lima or Cusco. Stick to well-lit areas and avoid taking shortcuts through isolated areas.

4. Stay in reputable accommodation: When booking accommodation, make sure to research the area and read reviews to ensure safety and security for solo travelers.

5. Use licensed taxis or car-hailing apps: It is safer for solo female travelers to use licensed taxis rather than hailing them on the street, as some unlicensed drivers have been known to take advantage of tourists.

6. Be cautious with valuables: Pickpocketing and theft can occur in busy tourist areas, so keep your valuables close and be aware of your surroundings.

7. Have emergency numbers on-hand: Save emergency numbers on your phone including the local police hotline (105) and the tourist police (tel: 0800-22221).

8. Join organized tours or groups: Consider joining organized tours or groups, especially when exploring remote or unfamiliar areas.

9. Trust your instincts: If you feel unsafe or uncomfortable in a situation, trust your instincts and remove yourself from the situation.

10. Learn some basic Spanish phrases: Knowing some basic Spanish phrases can help you communicate better with locals and potentially avoid misunderstandings.

11. Keep important documents safe: Make copies of your passport, ID, travel insurance, and other important documents and keep them separate from the originals in case of theft or loss.

12. Stay connected: Share your travel itinerary with friends and family back home and stay connected with them through messaging apps to let them know you are safe.

13. Avoid sharing too much personal information: Be cautious when sharing personal information, especially with strangers, as it could potentially be used against you.

14. Respect local customs: Peru is a conservative country, and it’s important to respect local customs and traditions, such as asking permission before taking photos of people or religious sites.

15. Research transportation options: It’s a good idea to research transportation options beforehand and opt for reputable companies when traveling within the country.

16. Carry a self-defense tool: Consider carrying a whistle, pepper spray or other self-defense tools if you feel it necessary for your safety.

17. Be wary of scams: Scams targeting tourists can occur in popular tourist areas, so be cautious and do not give money or personal information to strangers.

18. Have travel insurance: Make sure to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers any emergency medical treatment, evacuation, and repatriation in case of any unforeseen circumstances.

19. Do local authorities recommend any specific measures or precautions to take to ensure personal safety while visiting Peru?

Generally, visitors are advised to exercise the same level of caution as they would in any other major city. Some recommended safety measures include:

1. Be aware of your surroundings at all times, especially in crowded areas and tourist attractions.
2. Avoid walking alone at night, particularly in isolated or poorly-lit areas.
3. Use licensed taxis and avoid hailing cabs on the street.
4. Keep valuable items out of sight and avoid carrying large amounts of cash.
5. Tourists should consider registering with their embassy or consulate upon arrival.
6. Check local news sources for any potential safety risks or travel advisories before and during your trip.
7. Follow instructions from tour guides or authorities in case of emergency situations.
8. Do not leave drinks unattended and be cautious when accepting drinks from strangers.
9. Research common scams in Peru and stay vigilant to avoid falling victim to them.
10.Become familiar with local laws and customs to ensure you do not unintentionally break any rules that could endanger your safety.

It is important to note that these are general safety precautions and may vary depending on the specific location within Peru that you are visiting. It is always best to research the particular area you will be visiting and consult with tour guides or locals for specific safety recommendations.

20. Are there any ongoing conflicts or tensions between Peru and its neighboring countries that potential visitors should be aware of before traveling?

Currently, there are no major conflicts or tensions between Peru and its neighboring countries. However, border disputes do exist with some of its neighbors, such as Chile over the maritime boundary in the Pacific Ocean and Ecuador over a portion of their shared Amazon rainforest border. These issues are not typically problematic for tourists and should not affect travel plans. It is always advisable to check for any updated government travel advisories before visiting any country.