Health and Safety in Moldova

1. What regulations does the government have in place to ensure workplace safety?

The government has several regulations in place to ensure workplace safety, including:

1. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA): This federal law sets the standards for workplace safety and health, and requires employers to provide a safe and healthy work environment for their employees.

2. Hazard Communication Standard: This OSHA regulation requires employers to communicate information about hazardous chemicals in the workplace through labels, safety data sheets, and training programs.

3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Standards: These standards set requirements for providing employees with appropriate PPE to protect themselves from workplace hazards.

4. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes: The NFPA establishes codes and standards for fire prevention and protection in the workplace.

5. Noise Control Standards: These regulations limit the amount of noise employees are exposed to in the workplace and require employers to provide hearing protection if necessary.

6. Electrical Safety Regulations: These regulations set requirements for electrical equipment, wiring, and installation in order to prevent electrocution or electrical fires in the workplace.

7. Machine Guarding Standards: The OSHA requires employers to use machine guards on dangerous equipment to prevent injuries.

8. Ergonomics Guidelines: These guidelines aim to prevent musculoskeletal disorders by addressing issues such as repetitive motions, lifting, awkward postures, and contact stressors in the workplace.

9. Confined Space Regulations: These rules require employers to identify potential hazards associated with confined spaces and safely enter and work within them.

10. Bloodborne Pathogen Standards: This standard requires employers whose workers may have contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials to take specific precautions to protect workers from exposure.

2. How are workplace accidents and injuries reported and investigated in Moldova?

In Moldova, workplace accidents and injuries are primarily reported and investigated by the National Council for Preventing and Eliminating Discrimination and Ensuring Equality (CNPEDEE). The CNPEDEE is responsible for implementing measures to protect workers’ health and safety in the workplace. They work closely with the Ministry of Labor, Social Protection and Family (MLSPF) to ensure compliance with occupational health and safety regulations.


1. Employers are required by law to report any workplace accidents or injuries to the CNPEDEE within 24 hours of the incident.
2. In case of a serious or fatal accident, employers must also inform the relevant local authorities.
3. Employees are also encouraged to report any accidents or injuries they experience in the workplace directly to the CNPEDEE.


1. Once an accident or injury is reported, the CNPEDEE will conduct an investigation into the incident.
2. The investigation team will include representatives from both employers and employees, as well as experts in relevant fields such as occupational health and safety.
3. The investigation will aim to identify the causes of the accident or injury, assess its severity, and determine if there were any violations of occupational health and safety regulations.
4. The results of the investigation will be documented in a report, which will be shared with both employers and employees.
5. If any violations are found, the CNPEDEE may issue a fine or take other appropriate measures to ensure that similar incidents do not occur in the future.
6. Employees have a right to participate in these investigations and can provide their own accounts of what happened during the accident.

Overall, it is important for both employers and employees to take workplace safety seriously in order to prevent accidents and injuries from occurring. By promptly reporting incidents and cooperating with investigations, employers can help ensure a safer working environment for their employees.

3. What measures are taken to protect employees from occupational hazards, such as chemical or physical exposures?

There are several measures that are taken to protect employees from occupational hazards, depending on the specific hazards present in the workplace. Some common measures include:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Employers must provide appropriate PPE, such as gloves, masks, and goggles, to employees who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals or physical agents.

2. Safety Training: Employers are required to provide training to employees on how to safely handle and use hazardous materials and equipment. This includes training on proper handling and storage procedures, emergency response protocols, and how to identify potential hazards in the workplace.

3. Exposure Controls: Employers must implement engineering controls (e.g. ventilation systems) and administrative controls (e.g. work schedules) to minimize or eliminate exposure to hazards.

4. Hazard Communication: Employers must communicate information about hazardous materials in the workplace through labels, safety data sheets (SDS), and other means.

5. Medical Surveillance: In some industries where there is a high risk of occupational exposure to certain hazards, employers may provide medical surveillance for their employees. This can help identify any potential health issues related to occupational exposures.

6. Regular Inspections: Employers should conduct regular inspections of the workplace to identify any potential hazards and take corrective action.

7. Emergency Response Plan: Employers must have an emergency response plan in place in case of accidental exposure or release of hazardous materials.

Overall, it is the responsibility of employers to provide a safe working environment for their employees by identifying potential hazards and implementing appropriate measures to protect them from occupational exposures.

4. Are all employers required to provide their employees with appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)?

Yes, under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), all employers are required to provide their employees with appropriate personal protective equipment if there is a risk of injury or exposure to hazards in the workplace. This includes providing PPE such as safety glasses, gloves, hard hats, respirators, and other protective gear. Employers must also ensure that employees are trained on how to properly use and maintain their PPE.

5. In what ways does the government work to enforce health and safety laws in various industries?

1. Establishing and enforcing regulations: Governments create laws and regulations that set standards for health and safety in different industries. These regulations are regularly updated to ensure they reflect the latest knowledge and research on health and safety practices.

2. Inspections and audits: Government agencies conduct inspections and audits of workplaces to assess compliance with health and safety regulations. They also investigate any complaints or incidents related to workplace health and safety.

3. Training and education: Governments may provide training programs, educational resources, and outreach initiatives to raise awareness about health and safety laws in various industries. This can help employers understand their responsibilities and employees understand their rights.

4. Providing resources: Government agencies may offer resources such as guidelines, templates, checklists, and other tools to help employers comply with health and safety laws.

5. Collaborating with industry organizations: Governments often work together with industry organizations to develop and implement best practices for promoting health and safety in specific sectors.

6. Enforcing penalties: In cases of non-compliance or negligence, governments can impose penalties such as fines or suspensions to encourage businesses to follow health and safety laws.

7. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA): Many countries have a dedicated agency like OSHA that is responsible for overseeing workplace health and safety regulations. This agency conducts inspections, enforces laws, provides resources, conducts research, etc.

8. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): In industries where environmental hazards can affect the health of workers, the EPA works with OSHA to enforce regulations related to hazardous materials handling, pollution control, etc.

9 . Public awareness campaigns: Governments may launch public awareness campaigns to educate individuals about workplace hazards, promote safe work practices, inform people about their rights in the workplace, etc.

10. Collaboration with international bodies: International organizations like World Health Organization (WHO) collaborate with governments to develop global standards for occupational health and safety across different industries.

6. How does Moldova’s healthcare system address occupational health hazards and illnesses among workers?

Moldova’s healthcare system addresses occupational health hazards and illnesses among workers through various policies, programs, and services.

1. Occupational Health and Safety legislation: Moldova has laws in place to protect the health and safety of workers in the workplace. The Labor Code of Moldova, as well as several other legal acts, sets out the responsibilities of employers to ensure safe working conditions for their employees.

2. Workplace inspections: The State Labor Inspectorate is responsible for conducting regular inspections of workplaces to ensure compliance with occupational health and safety regulations. Inspectors check for potential risks such as exposure to hazardous substances, lack of proper safety equipment, and inadequate training.

3. Medical surveillance: Employers are required to provide medical exams at least once a year for workers exposed to occupational hazards. These exams help identify any work-related health problems early on so that appropriate measures can be taken.

4. Occupational disease reporting and compensation: Employers are required to report work-related diseases to the relevant authorities, who then investigate the causes and determine if compensation is due to affected workers.

5. Education and training: The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Social Protection provides training on occupational health and safety for employers, employees and their representatives.

6. Occupational Health Services: Moldova has a network of occupational health services that provide specialized medical care to workers who are exposed to occupational hazards. These services also provide advice on preventive measures for workplace hazards.

7. Rehabilitation and reintegration programs: In case of work-related injuries or illnesses, Moldovan healthcare provides rehabilitation programs designed to help workers recover from their conditions and return to work safely.

8. Research and monitoring: The National Institute of Public Health conducts research on occupational health issues in Moldova, including prevalence rates of occupational diseases and risk factors among workers.

9. International cooperation: Moldova actively participates in regional initiatives on Occupational Health by collaborating with international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labor Organization (ILO).

In conclusion, Moldova has a comprehensive framework in place to address occupational health hazards and illnesses among workers. The government’s commitment to improving workplace safety and healthcare services for workers is evident through its policies, programs, and partnerships with international organizations. However, there is still room for improvement in terms of enforcing these laws and providing better access to healthcare services for all workers.

7. Are there any specific regulations for high-risk jobs, such as construction or mining, regarding safety protocols and training in Moldova?

Yes, there are specific regulations for high-risk jobs in Moldova. The Law on Protection and Promotion of Labour Safety sets out general safety requirements and obligations for employers across all industries, including construction and mining. However, there are also industry-specific regulations that outline additional safety protocols and training requirements for high-risk jobs. These include the Regulation on Industrial Safety in Construction, which sets out measures to prevent accidents in the construction industry, and the Regulation on Occupational Safety in Mining Activities, which outlines safety measures for mining sites.

These regulations require employers to develop and implement appropriate safety policies and procedures, provide necessary safety equipment, conduct risk assessments, and provide regular training to employees on workplace hazards and how to mitigate them. They also mandate the appointment of a designated safety officer at construction sites and mining operations.

In addition to these regulations, there are specific standards for personal protective equipment (PPE) in high-risk industries such as construction and mining. These standards specify the types of PPE that must be provided to workers based on the nature of their tasks and working environment.

The General Inspectorate of Labour Inspection is responsible for enforcing these regulations through regular inspections of workplaces. Employers found to be in violation of safety requirements may face fines or other penalties.

Overall, employers in high-risk industries are required to ensure the health and safety of their employees through comprehensive training programs, appropriate safety measures, and regular monitoring of workplace conditions.

8. How often are companies inspected for compliance with health and safety laws in Moldova?

There is no specific timeframe for inspections in Moldova, as they can be conducted at any time based on a variety of factors such as complaints or accidents. Generally, high-risk industries and companies are inspected more frequently compared to low-risk industries. The frequency of inspections also depends on the resources and priorities of the State Labor Inspectorate, which is responsible for conducting these inspections.

9. Are there any penalties for businesses found to be in violation of health and safety regulations in Moldova?

Yes, there are penalties for businesses found to be in violation of health and safety regulations in Moldova. The relevant government agencies, such as the State Labor Inspection Agency or the Ministry of Health, can impose fines or other sanctions on businesses that are not compliant with health and safety regulations. These penalties may include monetary fines, business closures, or criminal charges for serious violations. Additionally, non-compliant businesses may face reputational damage and potential lawsuits from employees or customers who have been affected by their failure to follow health and safety regulations.

10. Does the government offer any resources or programs for businesses to improve their workplace health and safety practices in Moldova?

Yes, the government of Moldova offers several resources and programs to help businesses improve their workplace health and safety practices. These include:

1. The National Labor Inspectorate (NLI): NLI is a public institution under the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection that is responsible for enforcing occupational health and safety laws. They conduct regular inspections in workplaces to ensure compliance with safety regulations and provide guidance on how to improve workplace safety.

2. Occupational Safety and Health Directorate: This is a department within the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection that is responsible for developing national policies on occupational health and safety, conducting research, providing training, and promoting awareness on workplace safety.

3. Consultancy services: The government provides consultancy services on workplace health and safety through various institutions, such as the National Center for Occupational Safety and Health or private consulting companies.

4. Training programs: The government organizes training programs for employers, employees, labor unions, and other stakeholders to raise awareness about workplace health and safety issues. These programs cover topics such as risk assessment, accident prevention, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), etc.

5. Financial assistance: In some cases, the government may offer financial support to businesses to help them implement necessary changes to improve workplace health and safety practices.

6. Legal framework: The government has enacted laws related to occupational health and safety that businesses are required to comply with. These laws set out specific rights and obligations for employers in ensuring a safe working environment for their employees.

7. Online resources: The Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection maintains an official website where businesses can find information about relevant laws, regulations, guidelines, best practices, statistics, reports related to occupational health and safety in Moldova.

8. Partnerships with international organizations: The government has partnerships with international organizations such as the International Labor Organization (ILO) or the World Health Organization (WHO), which provide technical support and guidance on improving workplace health and safety practices.

9. Occupational safety and health committees: The government encourages the formation of occupational safety and health committees at the workplace level to address health and safety issues through a participatory approach.

10. Incentives for compliance: To encourage businesses to prioritize workplace health and safety, the government may offer incentives such as tax breaks or reduced insurance premiums to those who demonstrate good practices in this area.

11. Are there specific regulations for the transportation of hazardous materials within Moldova’s borders?

Yes, there are specific regulations for the transportation of hazardous materials within Moldova’s borders. These regulations are outlined in the “Law on Dangerous Goods Transport” and the “Regulation on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road”. The main regulatory body responsible for overseeing this area is the State Enterprise “Ruta Inteligenta S.A.” They are responsible for issuing permits, conducting inspections, and ensuring compliance with all applicable regulations.

Some key requirements for transporting hazardous materials within Moldova include:

1. A valid permit issued by State Enterprise “Ruta Inteligenta S.A.”
2. Proper labeling and marking of containers containing hazardous materials
3. Use of appropriate vehicles and equipment for transporting hazardous materials
4. Compliance with maximum load limits and weight restrictions
5. Compliance with specific requirements for each class of hazardous material (i.e., proper packaging, handling, documentation)
6. Use of a qualified driver who has completed specialized training on handling and transporting hazardous materials

Additionally, all vehicles used for the transportation of hazardous materials must undergo regular inspections to ensure they meet safety standards.

Non-compliance with these regulations can result in penalties, fines, and/or suspension or revocation of permits.

12. How does Moldova handle workplace bullying or harassment that may impact an employee’s mental health in Moldova?

Moldova does not have specific laws or regulations that address workplace bullying or harassment directly. However, the Labor Code includes provisions that prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, race, national origin, ethnicity, religion, disability, age, political opinion, social origin and sexual orientation.

If an employee experiences workplace bullying or harassment that affects their mental health in Moldova, they can file a complaint with their employer’s human resources department or report it to a labor inspector.

The employer is required to investigate the complaint and take appropriate action to prevent further incidents. If the bullying or harassment is found to be severe and persistent, the employee has the right to terminate their employment contract without notice and claim compensation for any damages suffered.

In extreme cases where the employer fails to take action or perpetuates the bullying or harassment themselves, employees also have the right to file a complaint with the National Council for Preventing and Eliminating Discrimination and Ensuring Equality (NCPD). The NCPD is responsible for enforcing anti-discrimination laws in Moldova and can impose penalties on employers found guilty of discriminatory behavior.

Additionally, employees may seek support from mental health services provided by their employer or through private healthcare providers. The Ministry of Health also offers free counseling services through its network of primary care institutions located throughout the country.

Overall, while there are no specific laws addressing workplace bullying or harassment in Moldova, employees do have legal protections against discrimination and avenues for recourse if they experience such behavior. It is important for all employers to promote a healthy work environment free from discrimination and take prompt action when complaints are made.

13. Are there any special accommodations for pregnant or breastfeeding employees in terms of workplace safety measures in Moldova?

Yes, Moldova has specific regulations for pregnant and breastfeeding employees in terms of workplace safety measures. According to the Law on Occupational Safety and Health, employers are required to ensure that pregnant or breastfeeding employees are not exposed to hazardous substances or situations that may harm their health or the health of their child.

This includes providing appropriate protective equipment, such as masks or gloves, if necessary. Employers must also provide additional breaks for pregnant and breastfeeding employees to rest and attend medical check-ups.

If it is not possible for an employee to continue working in their current role due to safety concerns, the employer must provide alternative work arrangements or temporary leave with pay.

Additionally, pregnant and breastfeeding employees have the right to refuse work that poses a risk to their health or the health of their child without fear of discrimination or retaliation from their employer.

14. Are mental health concerns addressed in workplace safety regulations in Moldova?

Yes, mental health concerns are addressed in workplace safety regulations in Moldova. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health No. 186-XVI from 18.07.2008 includes provisions on ensuring the psycho-emotional state of workers, as well as measures for preventing and reducing the negative impact of factors that may affect their mental health.

Article 16 of the law states that employers must “ensure a safe working environment, taking measures to prevent and minimize the effects of physical, chemical, biological and other harmful factors, as well as monitoring and reducing psycho-emotional overload.”

In addition to this, the National Program for Occupational Safety and Health for 2016-2025 also includes specific goals related to promoting mental health in the workplace. These include training programs for employers and employees on stress management and preventing work-related psychosocial risks.

Furthermore, the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Social Protection has issued guidelines for occupational psychologists to assess and address mental health issues that may arise in the workplace.

Overall, while there is a recognition of mental health concerns in workplace safety regulations in Moldova, more efforts are needed to effectively implement these measures and ensure a safe and healthy work environment for all employees.

15. How are employees trained on emergency procedures, such as fire drills or natural disasters in Moldova?

In Moldova, employers are typically required to provide training and education to their employees on emergency procedures and protocols. This may include fire drills, as well as procedures for natural disasters such as earthquakes or floods.

The specific training methods and frequency may vary depending on the nature of the workplace and potential risks. However, generally, employees are typically trained upon hire and then periodically throughout their employment.

Training may be delivered through various methods such as classroom instruction, videos or online modules, or hands-on simulations. The employer is also responsible for ensuring that all employees have a clear understanding of the evacuation routes and muster points in case of an emergency.

It is also common for employers to conduct regular drills to test the effectiveness of emergency procedures and identify any areas that may need improvement. These drills can help familiarize employees with the steps they need to take in case of an emergency and ensure they feel confident and prepared should a real emergency occur.

Additionally, there may be specific industry regulations or guidelines that dictate how employees should be trained on emergency procedures. Employers must adhere to these regulations to ensure the safety of their employees in times of crisis.

16. Is there a national agency responsible for ensuring public spaces, like parks or schools, follow proper safety protocols in Moldova?

Yes, in Moldova the National Agency for Public Health is responsible for ensuring proper safety protocols are followed in public spaces such as parks and schools. This agency is responsible for monitoring and enforcing health and safety regulations to protect the general public, including children using public spaces. The agency also works closely with local authorities to ensure that proper measures are taken to promote a healthy and safe environment for all.

17 .Are companies required to have a designated first aid officer on site at all times in Moldova?

According to the Moldovan Occupational Safety and Health Law, companies with more than 50 employees are required to have at least one designated first-aid officer available at all times during working hours. For companies with less than 50 employees, there should be a designated person responsible for first aid, but they do not need to be present on site at all times. However, it is recommended that all companies, regardless of size, have a designated first-aid officer or trained personnel available on site in case of emergency.

18 .How is ergonomic awareness promoted and enforced in workplaces across Moldova?

Ergonomic awareness is promoted and enforced in workplaces across Moldova through various measures, including government regulations, training programs, and workplace assessments.

1. Government Regulations: The Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection of Moldova has issued regulations for occupational health and safety, which includes ergonomic requirements for workplaces. These regulations cover various aspects such as the design of workstations, use of equipment and tools, and organization of work processes to ensure the health and well-being of employees.

2. Training Programs: Employers are required by law to provide their employees with regular training on health and safety at work. This training also covers ergonomic principles and techniques to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the workplace. Employers can also opt for specialized training programs offered by professional organizations or hired consultants.

3. Workplace Assessments: Employers are encouraged to conduct regular workplace assessments to identify potential ergonomic hazards and make necessary changes to minimize them. This includes evaluating factors such as lighting, noise levels, temperature, equipment design, etc., that may impact employee health and comfort.

4. Implementation of Ergonomic Workstations: Many employers in Moldova have implemented ergonomic workstations that are designed to promote good posture and reduce strain on muscles, joints, and tendons. These may include adjustable desks and chairs, as well as tools such as keyboard trays and wrist supports.

5. Health Promotion Programs: Some employers also organize health-promoting activities such as yoga or stretching breaks during work hours to help alleviate muscle tension and prevent MSDs.

6. Enforcement by Inspectors: The State Labor Inspectorate is responsible for enforcing compliance with occupational health and safety regulations in workplaces across Moldova. Inspectors regularly carry out inspections at workplaces to ensure that ergonomic standards are being met.

7. Collaboration with Unions: Trade unions play an important role in promoting ergonomic awareness among workers. They collaborate with employers to identify potential hazards and suggest solutions to improve working conditions.

Overall, the promotion of ergonomic awareness in workplaces across Moldova is a collective effort involving government regulations, employer initiatives, and employee participation. By following these measures, workplaces can create a safer and healthier environment for their employees.

19 .How does Moldova address issues of air quality control and pollution prevention in regards to worker health?

Moldova has several measures in place to address issues of air quality control and pollution prevention in regards to worker health. These include:

1. Legislation: Moldova has laws and regulations in place that set standards for ambient air quality, emission limits for industrial facilities, and occupational exposure limits for various pollutants. The main laws governing air quality and pollution prevention are the Law on Atmospheric Air Protection (1998), Law on Environmental Protection (2003), and the Law on Occupational Safety and Health (2014).

2. National Environmental Strategy: Moldova has adopted a National Environmental Strategy that includes specific targets and actions for reducing air pollution and protecting public health. The strategy focuses on improving energy efficiency, promoting use of renewable energy sources, reducing emissions from transport, and monitoring air quality.

3. Air Quality Monitoring: The Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Moldova is responsible for monitoring air quality in the country. This includes measuring levels of pollutants such as particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and carbon monoxide at different locations across the country.

4. Inspection and Enforcement: Moldova has an environmental inspection system that regularly monitors industrial facilities to ensure compliance with emission standards and other environmental regulations. Non-compliance can result in fines or closure of the facility.

5. Industrial Pollution Prevention Program: The Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment has established an Industrial Pollution Prevention Program which provides technical assistance to industries to help them improve their environmental performance and comply with regulations.

6. Public Awareness Campaigns: The government of Moldova conducts public awareness campaigns through various media channels to educate citizens about the health risks associated with poor air quality as well as ways to reduce pollution.

7. Occupational Safety and Health Measures: Employers are required by law to provide a safe workplace for their employees, including measures to prevent occupational exposure to harmful pollutants in the air. This includes providing personal protective equipment when necessary, implementing ventilation systems, and conducting regular monitoring of air quality in the workplace.

8. International Cooperation: Moldova participates in international initiatives and agreements aimed at improving air quality and reducing pollution, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the EU Air Quality Standards Directive.

In summary, Moldova has implemented a range of measures to address air quality control and pollution prevention in regards to worker health. These efforts aim to protect the health and well-being of workers while also promoting sustainable development in the country.

20 .What steps are taken by authorities if a company is found guilty of violating health & safety regulations and putting its workers’ health in danger in Moldova?

If a company is found guilty of violating health and safety regulations and putting its workers’ health in danger in Moldova, the authorities may take the following steps:

1. Fines and Penalties: The company may be fined for the violations and face penalties for endangering their workers’ health. The amount of fine depends on the severity of the violations and can range from a small fine to significant financial penalties.

2. Closure of Operations: In extreme cases, where the violations are serious and present an immediate danger to workers’ health, the authorities may close down the company’s operations until the issues are resolved.

3. Revocation of Business License: The company’s business license may be revoked if it is found guilty of repeated or severe violations that put workers’ health at risk. This means that the company will not be allowed to operate until they meet all necessary safety standards.

4. Criminal Charges: If the violations are deemed to be intentional or involve criminal activity, such as withholding information about hazards or knowingly disregarding safety measures, criminal charges may be brought against the company owners or managers.

5. Corrective Measures: The authorities may require the company to make immediate corrective measures to address any hazards or risks identified during inspections.

6. Follow-up Inspections: The company may be subject to regular inspections by government agencies to ensure compliance with health and safety regulations in the future.

7. Public Disclosure: The details of any violations and penalties imposed on a company may be made public, which can damage its reputation and credibility among customers and investors.

In addition to these steps taken by authorities, workers also have legal rights to file complaints against their employer for violating health and safety regulations. They can seek compensation for any injuries or illnesses caused by workplace hazards.